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The body of research probably began as early as 2000, when I made the transition from practice to teaching. The work spans a range of disciplines, each connected in their conceptual development and realized through different mediums of expression. A summary of the research based activities can be listed within these 4 disciplinary categories under the umbrella of urbanism:


Urbanism - Explorations in City Form



landmarks and monuments, changing landscapes, conservation, historicity, image as architecture 


photographic representation and the frontier, the industrial picturesque



public art, its relevance and limitations


urban furniture, public use, place-making

Most of the research work was done as Assistant Professor at the School of Art Design and Media in Nanyang Technological University

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